Environment – окружение, окружающая обстановка, окружающая среда



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  • Theme:WHAT IS ECOLOGY?
  • Exercise 1. Give the plural forms of the nouns: city, fish, life, technology, center, reason, factory, lorry, airplane, substance, ship, machine.
  • Exercise 2. Put down the noun in singular or plural:
  • 1) There are a lot of (problem) facing people on the Earth.
  • 2) (Pollution) comes from plants and factories.
  • 3) The greatest (threat) is a nuclear weapon.
  • 4) Some (river) are dead completely.
  • 5) Near such rivers (land) is dead.

Vocabulary:

  • Vocabulary:
  • urgent – срочный, неотложный, необходимый
  • to concern – 1) касаться, относиться; 2) затрагивать, вовлекать
  • benefit – выгода, польза, прибыль, преимущество
  • pollution – загрязнение
  • megalopolis – мегаполис, город-гигант
  • source – источник, начало, первоисточник, первопричина, причина c
  • chimney – труба (дымовая или вытяжная), дымоход
  • soot – сажа, копоть
  • to influence – оказывать влияние, влиять, воздействовать
  • environment – окружение, окружающая обстановка, окружающая среда
  • litter – cop, мусор
  • tin – жестяная консервная банка, жестянка
  • threat – опасность, угроза
  • nuclear weapon – ядерное оружие
  • dirt – нечистоты, экскременты
  • influence – влияние
  • vice versa – наоборот
  • science – наука
  • to disappear – исчезать
  • to acquire – приобретать
  • dust – пыль
  • to suffer – страдать
  • mention – упоминать
  • exploration – исследование

Exercise 3. Find the definition of the word:

  • Exercise 3. Find the definition of the word:
  • influence
  • The common liquid which forms the rivers, lakes, seas, and oceans.
  • pollute
  • A sign or warning of common trouble, danger.
  • litter
  • Unclean matter.
  • threat
  • The planet on which we live.
  • dirt
  • Surrounding objects, conditions and influences.
  • environment
  • Power to produce results by indirect means.
  • Earth
  • Odds and ends scattered about unwanted things left lying about state of disorder.
  • oil
  • Any of several kinds of thick or fatty liquids of vegetable animal or mineral origin.
  • water
  • Make foul filthy.


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