МҰнайшы contents 4

Part 12. storage Workshop

Pdf көрінісі
өлшемі4.64 Mb.
1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8
Part 12. storage Workshop.

The Storage Workshop consists of four 

sites: the tank farm, chemical farm, gas 

flare system and liquefied gas tank farm. It 

employs 112 people under the management 

of Workshop Head Saktagan Tobashev.

- Storage Workshop could be called 

the Shymkent Refinery veteran as it 

was around before major construction 

work started at the refinery’s core LK-

6U Workshop. Can you give us a little 


- Yes, that’s about right. The workshop 

was established in 1978 as part of the 

Shymkent thermal power plant - 3. April 

1983 was memorable due to the arrival 

at the Shymkent tank farm of the first oil 

from Western Siberia through the Omsk-

Pavlodar-Shymkent pipeline. That same year, 

we also loaded oil into rail tanks on a rack for 

the first time, the first secretary of the South 

Kazakhstan regional party A.Askarov, and 

Director of the Shymkent Refinery Y.Popov 

were invited to cut the ribbon. The first Rack 

Head was S.Uteuliyev, who still works here as 

a refinery dispatcher.

We then started shipping oil to the 

Fergana Refinery by rail. At the same time, 

we continued building and commissioning 

new workshop facilities at LK-6U, while in 

1984 we completed construction on the 

gasoline, diesel and fuel oil storage tanks, a 

pump house for light petroleum products, 

a loading rack, liquefied gas tank farm, 

chemical farm and gas flare systems. After 

that, the workshop was renamed the Storage 

Workshop, which it remains as today. 

Petroleum product shipments were started 

in January 1985.

I am very proud that we still have people 

working for us who were here to witness the 

first oil shipments by rail and who helped 

the Storage Workshop make its first steps, 

such as veteran commercial operators 

K.Berdimuratov, N.Alekeshev, M.Momynov 

and A.Kaldygozov.

- What is the workshop’s main 


- Accumulating, storing and shipping 

out oil and petroleum products. We are the 

refinery’s transportation artery - receiving 

crude oil and supplying feedstock to the LK-

6U complex, and receiving finished products 

from it, such as Ai-80 and Ai-92 gasoline, 

kerosene, summer and winter diesel, vacuum 

gasoil, fuel oil, and LPG.

Tank farms receive and ship finished 

products, and can simultaneously hold up 

to 180,000 m


 of oil, 45,000 m


 of fuel oil, 

25,000 m


 of vacuum gasoil, 80,000 m



diesel, 30,000 m


 of kerosene, 80,000 m



Ai-80 gasoline, 60,000 m


 of Ai-92, 2,000 m

of Аi-96 and up to 4,000 m


 of LPG.

As per requests, workshop specialists 

release finished products to railway wagons 

and pipelines. At other Storage Workshop 

sites, we use various reagents to create 

solutions and supply them to refinery 


- After processing at refinery 

facilities, petroleum constituents are 

sent to your workshop. Can you explain 

how they are being mixed to create 

commercial products?

- The tank farm site includes a gasoline 

blending site at which we prepare high-

octane Ai-96-K2 gasoline by adding the 

high-octane additive monometilaniline and 

MTBE (methyl tertiary butyl ether) to the 

gasoline base fraction received from LK-

6U using special measuring pumps. After 

blending, the gasoline mixture is pumped 

to the tank farm for storage of Ai-96-К2. 

In turn, Аi-92-К2 and Аi-80-К2 gasoline is 

sent to workshop tank farms as a finished 

product. But if necessary, we can also create 

those types of gasoline using antiknock 

components at our gasoline blending units.

- The workshop has four sites. Can 

you tell about each of their functions 

and what they do? Can we start with 

the tank farm?

- The tank farm receives and stores crude 

oil and commercial products. It has 56 steel 

tanks that can hold up to 500 thousand 

tonnes of oil and petroleum products, and 

also pumps to pump oil, constituents and 

commercial products.

Our tank farms and technical 

pumping stations are located in a special 

area incorporating engineering and 

transportation infrastructure and other 

workshop facilities.

We currently operate 6 oil storage tanks; 

2 of which can hold up to 50,000 m


, while 

the remaining 4 hold up to 20,000 m


. We 

also have 20 gasoline tanks of different sizes, 

5 gasoil tanks, 4 summer and 4 winter diesel 

tanks, 5 fuel oil tanks and 20 200 m



bullet tanks, all of which are heat insulated.

- How many people support 

operations at the tank farm?

- Shipments from the Storage Workshop 

are balanced between oil and petroleum 

products processing. As at other refinery’s 

facilities, we operate around the clock, with 

pumps delivering oil to the LK-6U, and fuel 

oil to the refinery’s fuel network operating 

continuously. Technical conditions dictate 

that between 3 and 4 tanks are repaired 


Per shift, we generally have 7 operators 

and 3 technical pump engineers who are 

responsible for monitoring the operations. 

The operators are responsible for feeding 

oil from and receiving petroleum products 

to the tanks, and also preparing petroleum 

oIl: FRoM sUbsURFAce RIGHt to… YoUR HoMe

the storage Workshop is known as the shymkent Refinery’s transportation artery. 

this is the place where the crude oil coming to the refinery makes its first steps and, 

after passing through a long processing chain at Workshops nos. 1 and 2 and being 

processed into petroleum products, it returns to the storage Workshop’s tank farm. 

You can read more about storage Workshop operations in this interview.


Желтоқсан 2015


products for shipment. We have veterans 

S.Seitov, F.Kadirov, R.Kalenova, O.Yerygina, 

M.Baubekova, J.Jumadildayev and 

A.Umirbekov working for us.

- Are oil and petroleum product 

storage and loading losses a problem 

for the refinery? If so, what is being 

done to resolve the problem?

- We are working on reducing oil and 

petroleum product losses due to summer 

evaporation; making better use of tank space 

by reducing bottom sediment (removing 

oil sludge from tanks). The tanks have been 

fitted with floats and floating lids, while 

seals are being replaced with modern US-

manufactured NMT parts. Breather valves are 

also being upgraded.

Likewise, as part of the Refinery 

Modernization Project, PKOP will be 

introducing a full-pressure system to load 

petroleum products onto railway wagons 

using pouring hatches that will help remove 

hydrocarbon fumes to the recovery system. 

This will also help to reduce pollutant 

emissions to 450 tonnes per year, which were 

at open pouring, and to return hydrocarbons 

to production.

- Can you tell us also about the gas 

flare system and liquefied gas tank 


- The gas flare system, which employs 12 

people, collects and flares flammable gases 

released from refinery technical facilities and 

liquefied gas tank farm.

The liquefied gas tank farm, which 

employs 24 people, receives, stores and 

ships liquid gases onto railway wagons, and 

transfers liquid gas to load gas transporters 

at gas pouring stations. As with other tanks, 

liquefied gas tanks are fitted with level 

gauges, manometers, pressure relief valves 

and freeze-resistant drainage valves.

- Last, but not least, the chemicals 

farm. What is its function?

- The chemicals farm receives and stores 

reagents, prepares solutions from the same 

and supplies them to where they are needed. 

Reagents are highly toxic, which means that 

safety rules are a matter of life and death.

For example, we work with reagents 

such as sodium hydroxide, NaOH (caustic), 

ammonia water (ammonia solution), caustic 

soda (sodium carbonate, Na




), which is 

what we make the solutions from. Caustic 

solution is prepared by blending sodium 

hydrate, soda salt and fresh water. This 2% 

solution is then used to suppress hydrogen 

sulphide corrosion on technical equipment. 

We carefully monitor the concentration 

and consumption of caustic solution in line 

with technical regulations as an insufficient 

quantity or excess can have a negative 

impact on corrosion suppression.

Ammonia water is used to suppress 

the hydrogen sulphide corrosion of the 

atmospheric column vapour line and 

maintain the neutral рН of drainage water.

- Due to the explosion hazard, 

industrial safety is a priority. Please tell 

us about this area of your work.

- Storing and loading oil and petroleum 

products can cause explosions, and requires 

a whole range of measures, including a 

modern automatic foam firefighting system. 

We also have to think about vegetation, 

which covers 50% of the refinery territory. To 

prevent fires, we cut the grass between May 

and late autumn.

- What other issues is the workshop 

currently facing?

- Management and workshop employees 

are working on resolving a number of issues, 

such as production dispatching, work place 

computerisation, the automation of the 

oil and petroleum product loading and 

recording processes, fitting tanks with 

modern and more accurate measuring 

devices, and replacing manual valves with 

modern electronic valves. Many workshop 

processes have already been automated.

Tank farm automation involves directly 

linking automatic foam fire extinguishers 

to the tanks. In the event of a fire, a signal 

is sent to the control board in the operating 

room and fire pump rooms, setting off an 

automatic foam firefighting process. The 

pump room firefighting process is similar.

The Saab TrankRadar TRL/2 system, 

which measures technical parameters 

in each of the tanks, monitors variables 

in relation to maximum values, notifies 

the user when predetermined values are 

reached and records petroleum product 

quantity operates in the same way.

The system helps us see detailed data on 

each tank on an operating room computer 

screen, including measured levels, the 

measured average temperature, product 

density, total volume, tank water levels, 

product volume, free tank space, product 

mass and weight, and tank intake or 

emptying speeds.

In addition, we have also successfully 

introduced new tank repair and upgrade 

requirements in line with standards 3.05.-

24-2004, including installed additional 

breather valves and ventilation nozzles with 

flame arresters on tank coverings and tank 

shell foundations.

As for annual seasonal events, we are 

currently preparing to receive and ship 

heating fuel.

- Can you tell us about your team and 

some of your best people?

- All of our people are professionals and 

work extremely well. I would like to give 

special mention to some of our people, 

such as tank farm operators B.Zhakashev, 

N.Alekeshev, K.Berdimuratov, P.Absemetov 

and A.Bekmurzayev. Our younger specialists, 

most of whom come from the local South 

Kazakhstan University named after Auezov, 

in time will also become a part of the Storage 

Workshop team.

- What is everyday life at the 

workshop like?

- We try to create the best conditions for 

our people and are currently improving 

utility spaces. We have our own canteen 

where the chefs are constantly trying to 

provide variety in what they cook. Our 

people always receive specialised clothing, 

footwear and other items of individual 


МҰНАЙШЫ'>Thank you for the interview!


Желтоқсан 2015      


The highest form of ethnos is 

the state. The basis for the kazakh 

statehood was Kazakh Khanate 

founded in 1465 between the rivers   

Chu and Talas at Zhetisu area. 




Kazakhstan came to its 550th 

anniversary, with celebrations 

planned all over the country, 

with  solid achievements such as 

good reputation and respect from 

across the globe, increased GDP and 

improvements in the standard of 

living since independence. There 

is no nation without history, and 

the celebrations are aimed to 


demonstrate  ancientry  of  the 

nation to the whole world and let the 

younger generation know all about it. 

Respecting history, PetroKazakhstan 

has allocated KZT 100 million to the 

celebration of such an important 

historical event. 

Crucial events are common in the 

history of any nation, and one such event is 

spinning off and creating new unions. We 

all remember how the history books taught 

us that the Kazakh Khanate was created by 

the Zhanibek and Kerey Khans in 1465. 

However, disputes over the founders and 

the chronology of events still rage. Scholars 

such as T.Sultanov, K.Pishulina, K.Akishev, 

A.Khasenov, B.Karibayev and others all 

tell different stories about the creation of 

the Kazakh Khanate. There is a number 

of historical publications available on the 

subject, including B.Karibayev’s historical  

book ‘Kazak Khans’, which is a kind of 

encyclopaedia on the history, heroism and 

life of eminent individuals in the history 

of Kazakhstan, and R.Temirgaliyev’s 

alternative history book entitled ‘Ak Orda. 

A History of the Kazakh Khanate’.

Historical study in Kazakhstan has 

received new momentum following the 

President’s initiative to celebrate the 

550th anniversary of the Kazakh Khanate 

and a request to study and fill in the 

gaps in Kazakhstan history. Since then, 

Kazakhstani scholars have been working 

with state institutions and overseas 

colleagues on a range of written sources 

and archaeological findings.

A XVI century chart of the Kazakh 

Khanate was recently found in the Vatican 

and is being studied to this day. A carpet 

woven by Kazakh craftsmen with medieval 

depiction of khan, sultans and judges on it 

was discovered in a museum in Bern as well 

as diplomatic corresponddence in various 

languages, supporting the theory that our 

ancestors spoke a number of languages 

and had a clear heirarchical structure.

In turn, a group of Taraz State University 

scholars have discovered unknown 

historical locations linked to the creation 

of the Kazakh Khanate, such as the Winter 

Residence of Kerey Khan, the Kerey Gorge 

and the Khan Throne. Their discoveries, 

together with other geographical objects 

and monuments linked to the nomadic 

way of life, found a place in the Grand 

Nomadic chart by the scholars.

Aktobe saw the opening of a memorial 

to Abulkhair Khan on the site of his burial 

in the medieval Khan Molasy cemetery. 

The complex consists of a mausoleum 

and stele in the form of three banners - 

three zhuz (unions), depicting the tamga 

(family coat of arms) of the Kazakh race. 

The search for the burial place of the great 

Khan took several years and after much 

research, including using DNA analysis, his 

grave was found, enabling scholars also to 

restore a likeness of the Khan.

With every year that passes, we learn 

more and more about the history of 

Kazakhstan thanks to the study of new 

artefacts, and new methods of analysing 

AnnIveRsARY oF stAteHooD: 

550 YeARs oF tHe KAZAKH KHAnAte

Ватиканда табылған ХVI ғ. Қазақ хандығының картасы / Обнаруженная в Ватикане карта Казахского

ханства ХVI века / Kazakh Khanate XVI century chart found in the Vatican


Желтоқсан 2015


and interpreting existing archive sources. 

August 2015 saw the completion of a major 

scientific expedition ‘In search of the 

great Khans’ in honour of the upcoming 

anniversary. Covering nearly 4,500 km, 

its participants visited historical sites, 

mausoleums and the ruins of the ancient 

towns of Sozak, Syganak, Sauran, the 

capital of the Kazakh Khanate - Turkestan 

and the many monuments in Taraz. The 

results of their historical analysis will be 

shared in publications and conference 


550th anniversary celebrations are 

to take place throughout the year, and 

each oblast and town to celebrate the 

historical anniversary differently. In total, 

approximately 100 various events have 

been planned with a budget of in excess of 

KZT 23 billion.

As is known, Taraz became the centre 

for official celebrations, with every region 

actively helping in preparing a specific site 

in the city for the celebration.

Akmola Oblast has invested KZT 32 

million in upgrading routes from the Aulie-

Ata airport, and is completing construction 

on a new terminal. Karaganda has spent 

KZT 102 million on developing Atshabar 

square. The South Kazakhstan Oblast 

has spent KZT 48 million on repairing 

the western approach arch. Pavlodar has 

proposed a project to build a western 

flyover. East Kazakhstan Oblast erected 

a monument to Abai Kunanbayev, while 

Almaty decorated the square close to the 

Jambyl Jabayev monument using bas-

relief and small architectural forms. West 

Kazakhstan Oblast developed the Kairat 

Ryskulbekov park and the Mangistau 

Oblast worked on landscaping around 

the Taraz hotel. Developers from North 

Kazakhstan Oblast spent KZT 50 million 

working on a 1.8 hectare square close to 

the bus station.

Atyrau Oblast spent KZT 50 million 

to break up the square close to the 

First President’s Park to plant birch and 

pine trees. KZT 150 million of work on 

upgrading the alley around the historical 

Karakhan Mausoleum monument is 

continuing thanks to the efforts of 

Kyzylorda and Kostanai.

A number of other events are being held 

throughout Kazakhstan, such as scientific 

and practical conferences and roundtables, 

exhibitions of applied art, personal 

exhibitions, photo exhibitions, concerts 

and akyns’ competitions (Kazakh bards), 

while monuments to Kazakh Khans and 

historical war heroes have been opened in 

Astana, Shymkent and Aktobe.

Events are not limited to Kazakhstan, 

with a number of measures in Kazakh 

cultural centres and communities overseas. 

For example, on 6 October Washington 

saw a presentation of the recent book by 

Jeremy Tredinnick ‘An Illustrated History 

of Kazakhstan’, and the American public 

was introduced at a gala night to English 

translations of Kazakh literary classics such 

as Berdibek Sokpakbayev’s short story 

‘My Name is Kozha’ and a collection of 

poems by Mukagali Makatayev. According 

to B.Gabdullin, author of ‘Serious 

Conversation’ (2007) and ‘Grand Nomad’ 

(2011), through these books, American 

readers are now able to “learn about the 

soul and hopes of the Kazakh people.”

A 10-episode historical and dramatic 

television series ‘Kazak Eli’ (Kazakh 

Land), documentary ‘Kazak Khandygyna 

550 Zhyl’ (550 anniversary of Kazakh 

Khanate) and cartoon series ‘Kazak Eli’ 

are due to be broadcast before the end of 

the year. Likewise, the I.Yesenberlin trilogy 

‘Nomads’ is set to be re-released.

Postal stamp dedicated 

to the 550th anniversary 

of Kazakh statehood.

Logo of the 550th anniversary 

of the Kazak Khanate.

Official site - www.1465.kz.

Commemorative coins honouring the 550th 

anniversary of the Kazakh Khanate, issued 

by the National Bank of the Republic of 

Kazakhstan. One is a silver KZT 500 coin and 

the other is a nickel-silver KZT 50 coin.


Желтоқсан 2015      


PeRsonAl ResUlts

Summing up at the end of the year is a tradition, and at Munaishy, we also spend a lot of time summing up production, 

processing, investment and other results, all of which testify to PetroKazakhstan’s successful corporate development. But in 

this article, we would like to show some results that tell a different story, ones that affect all of us, ones that have an effect on 

our feelings of happiness, self-fulfilment and success. A smile from your newly born child, a wedding or trip to a new country 

Каталог: images -> magazine
images -> С. Бегалин «Бала Шоқан» “Толағай”
images -> Қазақстан мұсылмандары діни басқармасы бас мүфти Ержан қажы Малғажыұлының
images -> Қазақстан республикасы білім және ғылым министрлігі
images -> Краткое содержание проекта Екі елдің данышпан ақындары Абай және Пушкин өмірі мен шығармашылығы қазіргі
magazine -> МҰнайшы 52 Management address 53
magazine -> 31, №9, 2015 неонатология
magazine -> МҰНайшы маусым 2013 3 Dear readers and colleagues!
magazine -> МҰнайшы маусым 2014 3 «Мұнайшы» журналы «ПетроҚазақстан» компаниясының қызметкерлеріне арналған корпоративтік басылым. Бас редактор

Достарыңызбен бөлісу:
1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8

©emirsaba.org 2022
әкімшілігінің қараңыз

    Басты бет