The Storage Workshop consists of four
sites: the tank farm, chemical farm, gas
flare system and liquefied gas tank farm. It
employs 112 people under the management
of Workshop Head Saktagan Tobashev.
- Yes, that’s about right. The workshop
was established in 1978 as part of the
Shymkent thermal power plant - 3. April
1983 was memorable due to the arrival
at the Shymkent tank farm of the first oil
from Western Siberia through the Omsk-
Pavlodar-Shymkent pipeline. That same year,
we also loaded oil into rail tanks on a rack for
the first time, the first secretary of the South
Kazakhstan regional party A.Askarov, and
Director of the Shymkent Refinery Y.Popov
were invited to cut the ribbon. The first Rack
Head was S.Uteuliyev, who still works here as
a refinery dispatcher.
We then started shipping oil to the
Fergana Refinery by rail. At the same time,
we continued building and commissioning
new workshop facilities at LK-6U, while in
1984 we completed construction on the
gasoline, diesel and fuel oil storage tanks, a
pump house for light petroleum products,
a loading rack, liquefied gas tank farm,
chemical farm and gas flare systems. After
that, the workshop was renamed the Storage
Workshop, which it remains as today.
Petroleum product shipments were started
in January 1985.
I am very proud that we still have people
working for us who were here to witness the
first oil shipments by rail and who helped
the Storage Workshop make its first steps,
such as veteran commercial operators
K.Berdimuratov, N.Alekeshev, M.Momynov
- What is the workshop’s main
- Accumulating, storing and shipping
out oil and petroleum products. We are the
refinery’s transportation artery - receiving
crude oil and supplying feedstock to the LK-
6U complex, and receiving finished products
from it, such as Ai-80 and Ai-92 gasoline,
kerosene, summer and winter diesel, vacuum
gasoil, fuel oil, and LPG.
Tank farms receive and ship finished
products, and can simultaneously hold up
to 180,000 m
of oil, 45,000 m
of fuel oil,
of vacuum gasoil, 80,000 m
of kerosene, 80,000 m
of Ai-92, 2,000 m
of Аi-96 and up to 4,000 m
release finished products to railway wagons
and pipelines. At other Storage Workshop
sites, we use various reagents to create
solutions and supply them to refinery
- The tank farm site includes a gasoline
blending site at which we prepare high-
octane Ai-96-K2 gasoline by adding the
high-octane additive monometilaniline and
MTBE (methyl tertiary butyl ether) to the
gasoline base fraction received from LK-
6U using special measuring pumps. After
blending, the gasoline mixture is pumped
to the tank farm for storage of Ai-96-К2.
In turn, Аi-92-К2 and Аi-80-К2 gasoline is
sent to workshop tank farms as a finished
product. But if necessary, we can also create
those types of gasoline using antiknock
components at our gasoline blending units.
- The workshop has four sites. Can
you tell about each of their functions
and what they do? Can we start with
the tank farm?
- The tank farm receives and stores crude
oil and commercial products. It has 56 steel
tanks that can hold up to 500 thousand
tonnes of oil and petroleum products, and
also pumps to pump oil, constituents and
Our tank farms and technical
pumping stations are located in a special
area incorporating engineering and
transportation infrastructure and other
We currently operate 6 oil storage tanks;
2 of which can hold up to 50,000 m
5 gasoil tanks, 4 summer and 4 winter diesel
tanks, 5 fuel oil tanks and 20 200 m
- Shipments from the Storage Workshop
are balanced between oil and petroleum
products processing. As at other refinery’s
facilities, we operate around the clock, with
pumps delivering oil to the LK-6U, and fuel
oil to the refinery’s fuel network operating
continuously. Technical conditions dictate
that between 3 and 4 tanks are repaired
Per shift, we generally have 7 operators
and 3 technical pump engineers who are
responsible for monitoring the operations.
The operators are responsible for feeding
oil from and receiving petroleum products
to the tanks, and also preparing petroleum
products for shipment. We have veterans
M.Baubekova, J.Jumadildayev and
A.Umirbekov working for us.
- Are oil and petroleum product
storage and loading losses a problem
for the refinery? If so, what is being
done to resolve the problem?
- We are working on reducing oil and
petroleum product losses due to summer
evaporation; making better use of tank space
by reducing bottom sediment (removing
oil sludge from tanks). The tanks have been
fitted with floats and floating lids, while
seals are being replaced with modern US-
manufactured NMT parts. Breather valves are
also being upgraded.
Likewise, as part of the Refinery
Modernization Project, PKOP will be
introducing a full-pressure system to load
petroleum products onto railway wagons
using pouring hatches that will help remove
hydrocarbon fumes to the recovery system.
This will also help to reduce pollutant
emissions to 450 tonnes per year, which were
at open pouring, and to return hydrocarbons
- The gas flare system, which employs 12
people, collects and flares flammable gases
released from refinery technical facilities and
liquefied gas tank farm.
The liquefied gas tank farm, which
employs 24 people, receives, stores and
ships liquid gases onto railway wagons, and
transfers liquid gas to load gas transporters
at gas pouring stations. As with other tanks,
liquefied gas tanks are fitted with level
gauges, manometers, pressure relief valves
and freeze-resistant drainage valves.
- Last, but not least, the chemicals
farm. What is its function?
- The chemicals farm receives and stores
reagents, prepares solutions from the same
and supplies them to where they are needed.
Reagents are highly toxic, which means that
safety rules are a matter of life and death.
For example, we work with reagents
such as sodium hydroxide, NaOH (caustic),
ammonia water (ammonia solution), caustic
soda (sodium carbonate, Na
what we make the solutions from. Caustic
solution is prepared by blending sodium
hydrate, soda salt and fresh water. This 2%
solution is then used to suppress hydrogen
sulphide corrosion on technical equipment.
We carefully monitor the concentration
and consumption of caustic solution in line
with technical regulations as an insufficient
quantity or excess can have a negative
impact on corrosion suppression.
Ammonia water is used to suppress
the hydrogen sulphide corrosion of the
atmospheric column vapour line and
maintain the neutral рН of drainage water.
- Due to the explosion hazard,
industrial safety is a priority. Please tell
us about this area of your work.
- Storing and loading oil and petroleum
products can cause explosions, and requires
a whole range of measures, including a
modern automatic foam firefighting system.
We also have to think about vegetation,
which covers 50% of the refinery territory. To
prevent fires, we cut the grass between May
and late autumn.
- What other issues is the workshop
- Management and workshop employees
are working on resolving a number of issues,
such as production dispatching, work place
computerisation, the automation of the
oil and petroleum product loading and
recording processes, fitting tanks with
modern and more accurate measuring
devices, and replacing manual valves with
modern electronic valves. Many workshop
processes have already been automated.
Tank farm automation involves directly
linking automatic foam fire extinguishers
to the tanks. In the event of a fire, a signal
is sent to the control board in the operating
room and fire pump rooms, setting off an
automatic foam firefighting process. The
pump room firefighting process is similar.
The Saab TrankRadar TRL/2 system,
which measures technical parameters
in each of the tanks, monitors variables
in relation to maximum values, notifies
the user when predetermined values are
reached and records petroleum product
quantity operates in the same way.
The system helps us see detailed data on
each tank on an operating room computer
screen, including measured levels, the
measured average temperature, product
density, total volume, tank water levels,
product volume, free tank space, product
mass and weight, and tank intake or
In addition, we have also successfully
introduced new tank repair and upgrade
requirements in line with standards 3.05.-
24-2004, including installed additional
breather valves and ventilation nozzles with
flame arresters on tank coverings and tank
As for annual seasonal events, we are
currently preparing to receive and ship
- Can you tell us about your team and
some of your best people?
- All of our people are professionals and
work extremely well. I would like to give
special mention to some of our people,
such as tank farm operators B.Zhakashev,
N.Alekeshev, K.Berdimuratov, P.Absemetov
and A.Bekmurzayev. Our younger specialists,
most of whom come from the local South
Kazakhstan University named after Auezov,
in time will also become a part of the Storage
- What is everyday life at the
- We try to create the best conditions for
our people and are currently improving
utility spaces. We have our own canteen
where the chefs are constantly trying to
provide variety in what they cook. Our
people always receive specialised clothing,
footwear and other items of individual
МҰНАЙШЫ'>Thank you for the interview!
Crucial events are common in the
history of any nation, and one such event is
spinning off and creating new unions. We
all remember how the history books taught
us that the Kazakh Khanate was created by
the Zhanibek and Kerey Khans in 1465.
However, disputes over the founders and
the chronology of events still rage. Scholars
such as T.Sultanov, K.Pishulina, K.Akishev,
A.Khasenov, B.Karibayev and others all
tell different stories about the creation of
the Kazakh Khanate. There is a number
of historical publications available on the
subject, including B.Karibayev’s historical
book ‘Kazak Khans’, which is a kind of
encyclopaedia on the history, heroism and
life of eminent individuals in the history
of Kazakhstan, and R.Temirgaliyev’s
alternative history book entitled ‘Ak Orda.
A History of the Kazakh Khanate’.
Historical study in Kazakhstan has
received new momentum following the
President’s initiative to celebrate the
550th anniversary of the Kazakh Khanate
and a request to study and fill in the
gaps in Kazakhstan history. Since then,
Kazakhstani scholars have been working
with state institutions and overseas
colleagues on a range of written sources
and archaeological findings.
A XVI century chart of the Kazakh
Khanate was recently found in the Vatican
and is being studied to this day. A carpet
woven by Kazakh craftsmen with medieval
depiction of khan, sultans and judges on it
was discovered in a museum in Bern as well
as diplomatic corresponddence in various
languages, supporting the theory that our
ancestors spoke a number of languages
and had a clear heirarchical structure.
In turn, a group of Taraz State University
scholars have discovered unknown
historical locations linked to the creation
of the Kazakh Khanate, such as the Winter
Residence of Kerey Khan, the Kerey Gorge
and the Khan Throne. Their discoveries,
together with other geographical objects
and monuments linked to the nomadic
way of life, found a place in the Grand
Nomadic chart by the scholars.
Aktobe saw the opening of a memorial
to Abulkhair Khan on the site of his burial
in the medieval Khan Molasy cemetery.
The complex consists of a mausoleum
and stele in the form of three banners -
three zhuz (unions), depicting the tamga
(family coat of arms) of the Kazakh race.
The search for the burial place of the great
Khan took several years and after much
research, including using DNA analysis, his
grave was found, enabling scholars also to
restore a likeness of the Khan.
With every year that passes, we learn
more and more about the history of
Kazakhstan thanks to the study of new
artefacts, and new methods of analysing
AnnIveRsARY oF stAteHooD:
550 YeARs oF tHe KAZAKH KHAnAte
Ватиканда табылған ХVI ғ. Қазақ хандығының картасы / Обнаруженная в Ватикане карта Казахского
ханства ХVI века / Kazakh Khanate XVI century chart found in the Vatican
and interpreting existing archive sources.
scientific expedition ‘In search of the
great Khans’ in honour of the upcoming
anniversary. Covering nearly 4,500 km,
its participants visited historical sites,
mausoleums and the ruins of the ancient
towns of Sozak, Syganak, Sauran, the
capital of the Kazakh Khanate - Turkestan
and the many monuments in Taraz. The
results of their historical analysis will be
shared in publications and conference
to take place throughout the year, and
each oblast and town to celebrate the
historical anniversary differently. In total,
approximately 100 various events have
been planned with a budget of in excess of
KZT 23 billion.
As is known, Taraz became the centre
for official celebrations, with every region
actively helping in preparing a specific site
in the city for the celebration.
Akmola Oblast has invested KZT 32
million in upgrading routes from the Aulie-
Ata airport, and is completing construction
on a new terminal. Karaganda has spent
KZT 102 million on developing Atshabar
square. The South Kazakhstan Oblast
has spent KZT 48 million on repairing
the western approach arch. Pavlodar has
proposed a project to build a western
flyover. East Kazakhstan Oblast erected
a monument to Abai Kunanbayev, while
Almaty decorated the square close to the
Jambyl Jabayev monument using bas-
relief and small architectural forms. West
Kazakhstan Oblast developed the Kairat
Ryskulbekov park and the Mangistau
Oblast worked on landscaping around
the Taraz hotel. Developers from North
Kazakhstan Oblast spent KZT 50 million
working on a 1.8 hectare square close to
the bus station.
Atyrau Oblast spent KZT 50 million
to break up the square close to the
First President’s Park to plant birch and
pine trees. KZT 150 million of work on
upgrading the alley around the historical
Karakhan Mausoleum monument is
continuing thanks to the efforts of
Kyzylorda and Kostanai.
A number of other events are being held
throughout Kazakhstan, such as scientific
and practical conferences and roundtables,
exhibitions of applied art, personal
exhibitions, photo exhibitions, concerts
and akyns’ competitions (Kazakh bards),
while monuments to Kazakh Khans and
historical war heroes have been opened in
Astana, Shymkent and Aktobe.
Events are not limited to Kazakhstan,
with a number of measures in Kazakh
cultural centres and communities overseas.
For example, on 6 October Washington
saw a presentation of the recent book by
Jeremy Tredinnick ‘An Illustrated History
of Kazakhstan’, and the American public
was introduced at a gala night to English
translations of Kazakh literary classics such
as Berdibek Sokpakbayev’s short story
‘My Name is Kozha’ and a collection of
poems by Mukagali Makatayev. According
to B.Gabdullin, author of ‘Serious
Conversation’ (2007) and ‘Grand Nomad’
(2011), through these books, American
readers are now able to “learn about the
soul and hopes of the Kazakh people.”
A 10-episode historical and dramatic
television series ‘Kazak Eli’ (Kazakh
Land), documentary ‘Kazak Khandygyna
550 Zhyl’ (550 anniversary of Kazakh
Khanate) and cartoon series ‘Kazak Eli’
are due to be broadcast before the end of
the year. Likewise, the I.Yesenberlin trilogy
‘Nomads’ is set to be re-released.
Postal stamp dedicated
to the 550th anniversary
of Kazakh statehood.
Logo of the 550th anniversary
of the Kazak Khanate.
Official site - www.1465.kz.
Commemorative coins honouring the 550th
anniversary of the Kazakh Khanate, issued
by the National Bank of the Republic of
Kazakhstan. One is a silver KZT 500 coin and
the other is a nickel-silver KZT 50 coin.