Урок обобщения и систематизации знаний
Обобщение и систематизация полученных знаний по теме «Экология».
навыки и умения всех видов речевой деятельности: умение работать с новой
лексикой, читать незнакомый текст с извлечением нужной информации,
обсуждать проблемы по данной теме в монологических высказываниях.
содержания высказывания, к формулированию выводов из прочитанного и
услышанного, развивать способности к коммуникабельности как явному или
неявному выражению своего отношения к окружающей среде и экологии,
способности к самостоятельному труду, развивать у детей познавательную
экологически обоснованную деятельность, способствующую рациональному
использованию и охране окружающей природной среды, формирование
навыка совместной деятельности в группе.
интерактивная доска, проектор, программное обеспечение: приложения
а) Microsoft Word;
б) Microsoft Power Роint.
фотографии по теме «Экология»;
аудиозапись “Звуки живой природы”, музыкальный фон к стихотворению,
карточки красного и синего цвета (32 шт.)
фронтальная работа (ответы на вопросы);
индивидуальная работа (монологические высказывания);
практическая работа на компьютере.
is for you and me”.
Введение в тему урока. Задачи урока. 2 мин.
and watch your projects on this theme. Stop, what is it? What do you hear?
Pupil 1: We hear the sounds of the forest.
Pupil 2: We hear birds singing.
Teacher: Do you like to be in the forest?
Pupils: Yes, I do.
Teacher: Do you like to listen to birds? Do you like to watch animals?
Pupils: Yes, of course.
Teacher: So as you see the forest is a habitat for animals, it is their home. And our
home is our planet Earth in general. The Earth is our home. But nowadays it has a
lot of problems. That’s why we are having an ecological conference concerning
our environment and its problems.
We’ll review the words and speak about our
environment, discuss main ecological problems and watch your projects on this
questions about the ecology of the Earth.
Активизация лексики. Фонетическая зарядка.3 мин.
Проверка домашнего задания.3 мин.
Russian into English.
1. Не нужно бороться за чистоту, а нужно взять метлу и подмести улицу.
2. Ты можешь улучшить окружающую среду.
3. За миллионы лет многие живые существа приспособились к изменению
4. Для живых существ гораздо труднее приспособиться к выбросам в
окружающую среду вредных веществ, производимых человеком
. It is not necessary to fight for purity, and it is necessary to take a broom and
2. You can improve the environment.
3. Over millions of years, many creatures have adapted to climate change.
4. It is much more difficult to adapt to emissions into the environment of man-
made dangerous matters for living things.
I put marks at the end of the lesson.
Обозначена проблема. So, let’s start. The problems of ecology are very
Look? There is the main question: How can we help our planet? Read the
short poem? Then finish it. At the end of the lesson you will read your
answers. What golden rule is? 1 мин.
If you want the life be cool
Like a full of colour picture,
Don’t forget one golden rule:
Подготовка к речи.
Д.Голсуорси и звучит медленная музыка. “If you don’t think about the
future, you won’t have it”, said the famous English writer J. Galsworthy.
T: How do you understand these words? What must we do to save our
Pupils: We must… (All possible answers)
T: Make the sentences using modal verbs. 3 мин.
Мини – прект.
We can divide into 4 groups of 4 pupils, thats why you are sitting in such a way. I
give you 10 minutes. When everyone has quieted down, the listener from each
group become a reporter. He or she will tell us the main points of their
conversation. At the end well make conclusions. Our topics are: Water pollution,
Air Pollution, The Red Book, land pollution. Read carefully instruction. (учитель
читает инструкцию к работе) Work step by step. take your tasks, go to the
computers and start working. You may use any search system you like in order to
find the answers to the given questions. You may copy the tables, emblems on
your computers. You will work out new projects, new slogans. You will be
10 минут на выступление учащихся
Инструкция для учеников:
инструкции. Папка «Урок по экологии» на рабочем столе, в папке
находятся фотографии, текст, инструктаж к работе. Сделать 2 – 3
слайда (с текстом по теме).
Защитить презентацию. 3 мин.
Instruction. ( выполнение работы - 10 минут)
Microsoft Power Роint. Save it on the disk D. «Урок 1, 2, 3,4»
Choose any pupil or pupils who can tell about your presentation, you can
If you want the life be cool
Like a full of colour picture,
Don’t forget one golden rule:
Оцените свою деятельность на уроке:
Какой вид работы вам понравился больше всего?
Что у вас получалось легко, а что вызывало затруднения?
People have lived on our planet for many years. They lived and live on
different continents, in different countries. People depend on their planet, on
the sun, on animals and plants around them. People must take care of Earth.
Our ecology becomes worse and worse with every new day. Many species
of animals and birds are disappearing nowadays. People destruct wildlife,
cut down trees to make furniture. They forget that people can’t live without
trees and plants, because they fill air with oxygen. And, of course, great
problems are population and animals destruction.
The main reason of pollution is rubbish. Rubbish is very dangerous for our
life ‘cause they are full of rats, which can carry infections. Another way to
get rid of rubbish is to burn it. But the fires make poisons, which go into the
air and pollute it.
Pollution isn’t the only actual problem. Every day a big number of animals
dissapeares. People kill animals for different aims: people hunt whales for
their meat and oil, elephants for their tusks, crocodiles for their leather and
bad for animals, birds, fish. The air isn’t fresh and the water isn’t pure. They
don’t have good meal and facilities for the life. You can find their names in
the Red Book.
Of course, people can’t stay indifferent to these problems. There are a lot of
special organizations, which try to save our nature.
Greenpeace began its work 20 years ago from saving whales. And now
Greenpeace is a world-famous organization, which saves plants, animals and
We must save wild animals. And we must find the right way to save land,
people and animals. We must take care of nature, because we are part of it.
depend on – зависеть от
destruct - разрушать
furniture - мебель
oxygen - кислород
get rid of - избавиться
poison - яд
pure - чистый
Since ancient times people have been trying to produce more and more to
increase human wealth. Millions of cars and smoky factories pollute the air
we breathe in. Pollution is hanging over big cities like an ugly brown cloud.
It is hurting our lungs as well as the life of animals, birds and plants.
People need wood and paper, so we cut down our forests. We don't know
what to do with waste materials of our industry, so we drop them into water,
shoot them into atmosphere. We pollute the water we drink, and the land we
live in. People build nuclear power stations and carry out nuclear tests. As a
result, radiation represents one of the main problems nowadays.
very soon. The speed with which we are using up our resourses like oil and
gas, is appaling. With the development of our civilization we have become
dangerous to the planet and to ourselves. What must we do not to find
ourselves in a dirty desert in the near future? This question cannot be
Some scientists are pessimistic about our problems. They suppose that we
have already reached the point of no return. Others are more optimistic and
believe that our ecological problems are solvable because more and more
people begin to understand how dangerous they are. There is increasing
awareness of people of the real state of the planet.
In many countries environmental protection agencies and research centres
are set up. Such organizations as "Green Peace" and "Friends of the Earth"
try to put pressure upon those governments that do not care for ecology in
their countries. The humankind will be able to survive only if we all
understand that environmental protection is our universal concern.
Ancient - древний
Wealth - богатство
Breathe - дышать
Lungs - легкие
rapid growth –быстрый рост
appaling - ужасная
suppose - предполагать
reached - достигли
awareness - осознание
Keeping our environment clean
Many years ago people lived in harmony with the environment because
industry was not much developed. Now the situation is quite different.
environment because of modern industry and the need for energy.
Newspapers and magazines write a lot about water pollution, air pollution
and land pollution. There are some laws and decisions on this important
question. There are state organisations and international conventions which
pay much attention to this problem.
Many parts of the world are crowded now, much of our waste, especially
waste from factories, electric power stations, the chemical industry and
heavy industry are very dangerous. Fish dies in the lakes, rivers and seas,
forest trees die too.
The problem of radiation has also become a very important problem because
it is very dangerous for health of people.
There is a science, named ecology, which study the relation between people
and their environment. But each of us also must do everything possible to
keep our environment clean for ourselves and for the next generations.
There are a lot of ecological problems. The most serious ecological
problems are: noise from cars and buses; destruction of wildlife and
countryside beauty; shortage of natural resources; the growth of population;
pollution in its many forms.
Many rivers and lakes are poisoned too. Fish and reptiles can t live in them.
People can't drink this water. So we have to clean the water environment.
Another problem is air pollution. Air pollution influents the health of people.
For example: ultraviolet radiation from the sun can cause skin cancer.
Normally the ozone layer in the atmosphere protects us from such radiation,
but if there are holes in the ozone layer ultraviolet radiation can get to the
seen but its effect can be terrible.
factories, in cars and buses.
Another problem is growth of population. They don't have enough places to
live. They need more water, more food. So it is the reason of the shortage of
the natural resources.
Also one of the most serious problems is green house effect. It works like
this: sunlight gives us heat. Some of the heat warms the atmosphere and
some of the heat goes back into space. Nowadays the heat can't go into
space. That's why winter and summer temperatures in many places have
become higher. So the most of the earth will be under water.
So every person has to understand how important it is to solve this problems,
that endanger people's life.
the growth of population – рост населения
skin cancer – рак кожи
holes - дыры
shortage - нехватка
Be careful with nature…………………………..
Teacher: I shall read you a sentence. If it is optimistic raise your red card, if it is
pessimistic – a blue one (перед уроком учащиеся получили карточки двух
цветов). 2 мин.
There won’t be any conflicts between people.
We shall find new sources of energy.
Заключительный этап урока. Do you like you town Aldan? do you like
by L. Khusainova ( учитель английского языка)
Remember , Russia, you are great
Not in the field of battles past
But in the green fields full of wheat
And forests, gardens, free of dust.
I love you deeply, dear land,
Your hills and rivers, sand on strand
Your songs and dances, lakes and seas
Your beasts and fish, birds in trees.
Your sunrise in a splendid sight
Which gives me always such delight!
Выставление оценок. Критерии в инструкции.3 мин.
Домашнее задание.1 мин.
Teacher: Think about your future town. What will it be like? Make up a
presentation “My Future Town”). Is the task clear?
Well, our lesson is almost over. Weve spoken about ecology and the importance of
keeping the environment clean. Pollution is getting worse and worse. But Im sure
that youre real friends of our planet. We all must do our best to keep air, water and
land clean. We must remember that Purity is a base of health, health is a base of