Настоящее пособие предназначено для студентов технических
вузов, изучавших английский язык и продолжающих его изучение.
Цель пособия - развить у студентов навыки разговорной речи, а
также чтения, понимания и перевода оригинальной литературы на
образовательного стандарта и соответствует требованиям программы
«Английский язык для неязыковых специальностей высших учебных
заведений», утвержденной Министерством образования России.
Данное пособие рассчитано на занятия в первом семестре. В
первом семестре изучаются восемь уроков, включающих в себя
разговорные темы «Моя семья», «Наш институт», «Мое любимое
совершенствуются базовые языковые навыки и речевые умения.
Повторяются и закрепляются основные грамматические разделы,
расширяется словарный запас.
дополнительный материал. После этой темы проводится викторина
«Знаешь ли ты Англию?»
упражнениями и упражнениями для развития навыков разговорной
При подготовке третьего издания пособия использованы
результаты многолетней работы с ним. Занимаясь по этому пособию,
студенты получают знания, необходимые для перевода оригинальной
увеличением часов, отводимых на иностранный язык, появилась
возможность уделить больше внимания разговорной практике. Кроме
того, увеличено число грамматических упражнений, заменен ряд
Правила чтения Гласные в открытом типе слога читаются так, как называются в
алфавите. Открытый тип слога имеет две разновидности:
1) абсолютно открытый слог - слог, заканчивающийся на глас
ную, e.g. me, no, go, my;
2) условно открытый слог - слог, заканчивающийся на соглас
ную, после которой стоит нечитаемая, т.е. немая гласная, e.g. Pete, site,
Слог, в котором за ударной гласной буквой следует одна или
несколько согласных (кроме "г"), называется закрытым. Гласная в за
крытом слоге передает краткий гласный звук:
а - [ж]; е - [е]; i, у - [I]; о - [о]; и - [л]; e.g. bad, bed, sick, myth,
ph - [f], e.g. physics, telephone;
"с" перед "e'V'i'V'y" [s], в остальных случаях [k], e.g. case, cycle;
"g" перед "e'V'i’V'y" [d3], в остальных случаях [g], e.g. cage,
kn - [n] knock, know.
Remember the alphabet:
А, В, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, 0, P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, W, X,
Exercises to be done before the text 1 Place the words according to the alphabet: fat
2 Find in the dictionary and translate the following nouns: Cities, parties, beauties, skies, cries, flies, knives, wolves, wives,
3 Translate the following adjectives: Busiest, earlier, funniest, curlier, bonier, luckiest, thinner, fattest,
4 Translate the verbs: To look, to look at, to look after, to look for, to cany out, to carry on,
to bring up, to make up, to give up, to give in.
5 Define the parts o f speech: Achievement, celebration, to come, doctor, teacher, harmful, care
less, thankful, to make, dressed, function, economic, physics.
6 Translate the following international words: Demonstrate, physical, chemical, university, priority, comfortable,
genius, laboratories, communication, operation, atomic, economic, profes
sors, specialist, satisfaction, satisfactory, pensioners, pioneer, pluralism,
7 Read the following words. Follow the reading rules: Name, wife, life, student, pupil, flat, thing, nice, children, twins, sis
ter, college, time, song, sing, well, happy, glad, gather, discuss, latest,
chess, game, gentle, events, marry, summer, success, excellent.
8 Translate the following pronouns: I, he, she, you, we, they, their, them, my, our(s), your(s), us, him, his,
her(s), me, it, mine.
9 Form ncruns with the help o f the suffixes: - er, - or: to organize, to work, to play, to sing, to direct, to teach, to
invent, to dictate, to compose;
- ment: to develop, to agree, to depart, to improve, to appoint, to
- tion: to educate, to examine, to direct, to dictate, to invent, to com
pose, to accelerate.
Text MY FAMILY My name is Alexander, Alec for short. My full name is Alexander
Semyonovich Ivanov. I am 18. I am a student. I study at the mechanical
faculty of the Seversk State Technological Institute.
My family is large. There are six of us1: my father, mother, brother
and grandparents. We all live together. My grandparents don't work, they
are pensioners. My mother and father work at the Siberian Group of
Chemical Enterprises. They are engineers. My younger brother's name is
Boris. He goes to school. He is a pupil of the 8-th form. Boris gets only
good and excellent marks. And my parents are very proud of5 their son's
success. As for me3 I was not a brilliant pupil and finished school with
some satisfactory marks. But I did my best4 to enter this higher school and
now I am very glad to be a student.
Besides brother I have an elder sister. But she does not live with us.
She is married and lives with her husband and two children in their own
three-roomed flat. They live not far from our house and we often visit each
other. Her husband, my brother-in-law, is a very kind and interesting man. I
like to discuss things with him. My niece and nephew are nice children and
all o f us love them very much. They are twins and look alike, they are 3
years old and go to the kindergarten. My sister graduated from the Medical
College. She is a children's doctor. And my brother-in-law graduated from
the University. He works at a Research Institute and besides he is a post
graduate student. I am sure he'll be a big shot one day.
We also have many relatives in our town. They are: my uncle, aunt,
cousins and even great-grandparents. Most of all I love two my cousins -
Helen and Mike. Helen is 17 and Mike is 22. We like to spend time to
gether, talking things over. We have much in common. Helen is a first-year
student and Mike works and studies at the same time. He is going to5 marry
soon. As for me, I think it's too early.
Our family likes to visit our relatives or to be visited by them. When
we gather together we have a very good time6. We enjoy ourselves7 dis
cussing the latest events, playing chess, singing songs, etc. Our grand
mother plays the piano very well and we like to listen to her. And our fa
ther plays the guitar. We like to watch TV too and discuss the programs.
That's wonderful to be together. In summer we like to spend our time in the
vegetable-garden we have not far from the town. All of us are fond of®
working there. This is our hobby. We are a happy family. We love each
other and are proud of each other.
Remember the following expressions: 1 there are six of us - нас шестеро;
2 to be proud of somebody - гордиться кем-то;
3 as for me - что касается меня...;
4 to do one's best - постараться изо всех сил;
5 to be going to do smth. - собираться делать что-либо;
6 to have a good time - хорошо проводить время;
7 to enjoy oneself- получать удовольствие, веселиться;
8 to be fond of - любить, нравиться.
Grammar exercises 1 What parts o f speech are the underlined words, give their initial form and translate into Russian. 1. His earliest songs were not good enough. 2. He worked at the
hospital. 3. His works are very popular. 4. He is a worker at the biggest
plant. 5. This is a real wonder. 6. How wonderful these flowers are! 7. He
wonders what happened. 8. We graduated from this very Institute. 9. He is
our eraduator. 10. It was the easiest task for me. 11. She is the prettiest girl
in the group.
2 Find predicate in the following sentences. 1. Our family lives in Tomsk. 2. Their lives are very interesting. 3.
She studies very well. 4. Our studies begin in September. 5. He can study
well. 6. We must study well. 7. These subjects are studied well. 8. This
theme is being studied now. 9. I have studied this question. 10. They will
study it tomorrow. 11. We have been studying the theme for two weeks. 12.
We'll be studying it tomorrow at 2 o'clock. 13.1 like my studies.
3 Say in English: Мамина профессия, друзья моего брата, подруга моей кузины,
бабушкина квартира, библиотека отца, тетина машина, дядина дача,
Анины книги, занятия нашей группы, планы страны, кукла племянни
цы, игра нашей команды, тёщино хобби, любимое занятие племянни
ка, экзамены выпускников, фотография моей прабабушки, слезы ее
внучки, развитие нашей страны.
4 Choose the right form o f the verb "to be". 1. My grandparents ... pensioners. 2. His wife ... two years younger
than he. 3. We ... all good friends. 4 . 1... very busy today. 5.... you well? 6.
H ow ... you? 7 .1 ... ill yesterday. 8. We ... glad to see you. 9. She ... glad to
meet him. 10. He ... a good teacher. 11. My grandmothers ... not at home.
12. Our children ... away now. 13. Where ... you yesterday? 14. ... they all
right yesterday? 15. We ... late for the lesson yesterday.
5 Use the following adjectives in the Comparative and Superlative Degrees. Young, high, big, clever, difficult, happy, favourite, famous, late,
cold, hot; good, much (many), little, bad, few.
6 Choose the appropriate form o f pronouns. 1.
(We, us) are in the laboratory. 2. Helen is a student. (She, her) is in
(she, her) fourth year. 3. Next year (he, his, him) will submit (his, him,
he) diploma. 4. Nick is (our, we) monitor. Now he is sitting behind (my, I,
me). 5. (Our, we, us) students like (they, them, their) very much. 6. (Their,
they, them) papers are good. 7. (I, me, my) am busy now. 8. (Him, his, he)
lessons are interesting. 9 .1 see (him, his, her). 10.1 hear (their, them).
7 Use the appropriate form o f possessive pronouns. 1.
He put (he) hand in (I). 2. She is busy in (she) garden. 3.1 have (I)
work done. 4. We can do (we) shopping before lunch. 5. The children had
6. Kate was late for (she) lesson. 7 . 1 make all (I) clothes my
self. 8. This book is (he). There is (he) name on it. 9. Have you finished
(you) translation? 10. My father does (he) work well. 11. Do (you) best!
12. They did (they) best. 13. Listen to (they)! 14. We are proud of (we)
8 Do according to the model. Model: I- France. Where do you come from? I come from France.
Where are you from? I am from France. My language is French.
He - China. She - Spain. You - Hungary. They - Germany. He - Italy.
She - Japan. We - England. They - Finland. We - Russia. I - Siberia. He -
Oral practice Remember these expressions: Introducing people:
Let me introduce ...
How do you do.
Meet my wife (brother)...
(I am) glad to meet you.
This is Mr. Smith (my husband).
We've (never) met before.
Will you introduce me to ...
Nice to see you.
1 Compose short dialogues using the above expressions. 2 Learn the following dialogues by heart ( T 1). 1. Formal Introductions
Margaret: Mr. Wilson, I'd like you to meet Dr. Edward Smith.
Mr. Wilson: How do you do, Dr. Smith.
Dr. Smith: How do you do.
Margaret: Dr. Smith is an economist. He's just finished writing a book
on international trade.
Mr. Wilson: Oh? That's my field, too. I work for the United Nations.
Dr. Smith: In the Development Program, by any chance?
Mr. Wilson: Yes. How did you guess?
Dr. Smith: I've read your articles on technical assistance. They're excel
2. Informal Introductions
Jim: Who's the tall girl next to Barbara?
Charles: That's Mary Anderson. Didn't you meet her at Steve's party?
Jim: No, I wasn't at Steve's party.
Charles: Oh! Then let me introduce you to her now ... Mary, this is my
Mary: Hi, Jim. Glad to meet you.
Jim: I'm glad to meet you. Can't we sit down somewhere and talk?
Mary: Sure, let's sit over there.
3 Enjoy yourself. 1. - 1 love you, I love you. Won't you be my wife?
- You must see my Mummy first.
- I've seen her several times, but I love you just the same1.
2. - Is it really true that everything between Rose and you Miche is over2?
A whole year you were keeping company3.
- Just imagine4!
- And you told her about the rich uncle whose only heir you are?
- It was just because I told her about it. She left me to become my auntie.
3. - All the girls will go mad when I marry.
- Why all? You'll many only one.
4. - My husband and I never quarrel. When he sees I'm right, he always
- What about when he’s right?
- But he never is.
5. Boy: Do you know, Dad, my Sunday school teacher says that in some
parts of Africa a man doesn't know his wife until he marries her.
Dad: Why single out Africa?
6. - Let me toss you, darling.
No, no. My mother is against kissing.
- But my dear, I don't want to kiss your mother.
7. - Doctor, I have a problem. I can’t remember anything.
- How long have you had this problem?
- What problem?
just the same - тем не менее, все равно;2 to be over - закончить
ся; 3 to keep company - разг. ухаживать, зд. встречаться; 4 Just imagine!
- Представь себе!5 to give in - уступать.
LESSON 2 Правила чтения Третьим типом слога принято считать слог, в котором за удар
ной гласной следует буква "г" (+ согласная, кроме "г"). Гласные в
третьем типе слога читаются:
а - [a:], e.g. park, саг; о - [о:], e.g., fork, form;
e, i, y, u - [e:], e.g. girl, her, fur;
w + or = [we:], e.g. worker;
ch = [tfj, e.g. chess;
sh = [J], e.g. shelf;
qu = [kw], e.g. quite;
a + 1 + согл. = [o:], e.g. salt.
Exercises to be done before the text 1 Read the following words and remember them. Offer, first, time, bed, moment, much, same, things, hurry, ran, later,
wake, dressed, milk, left, hard, work, call, dinner, felt, better, car, girl, curl,
turn, stormy, sport.
2 Read the following tongue-twisters as quickly as you can: 1. She sells sea-shells on the sea-shore. And the shells she sells are
sea-shells, I am sure.
2. Fiddle-de-dee, fiddle-de-dee, the fly shall marry a bumble-bee.
3 Read and remember the proverbs. 1. Early to bed and early to rise makes a man healthy, wealthy and
2. Men make houses but women make homes.
3. A good wife makes a good husband.
4. A friend in need is a friend indeed.
4 Translate the following verbs with the help o f a dictionary, paying attention to postpositions: to get - to get up - to get to - to get in - to get out;
to give - to give off- to give in - to give up;
to come - to come from;
to find - to find out;
to look - to look for - to look after;
to go - to go through - to go on;
to bring - to bring up.
5 Translate the following international words: Electronics, engineer, university, examination, courses, lunch, tele
phone, comfort, secret, experiment, result, Siberia, medical, discussion, fa
vourite, image, grant, cyclotron, illuminate, inauguration, summit, presi
6 What parts o f speech are underlined words? 1. It is light in the room. 2. Don't light the lamp! 3. You can carry
these light things. 4. You must test this result. 5. The test-paper is on the
table. 6. We’ve written the test. 7. Will you give me a glass of water,
please? 8. In the glass test-tube they saw some new material. 9. Buy some
window glass, please. 10. He broke the window. 11. The shop-window is
illuminated. 12. Look out! It's dangerous.
13. What are you looking
for? 14. She looked after the grandchildren. 15. He looked through the arti
State what parts o f speech the following words are. Underline suf fixes and prefixes: early, immediately, butter, physical, physicist, cover - discover -
discovery, comfort - comfortable - discomfort - uncomfortable, measure -
measurable - measurement, equipment, construction, recommendation.
Text 1 ABOUT MYSELF Let me introduce myself. My full name is ... . How old am I? Well,
it's not a secret. I am 30. In my opinion this is the best age, isn't it?
Where am I from? I'm from Russia, Siberia. I live in a beautiful Si
berian town Tomsk. As for my work I like it very much. I am a doctor. You
know it's a noble profession. I graduated from the Tomsk medical college
In 2001 I married. Now we are four: my wife, son, daughter and me.
My wife's name is N. She is 28, she is an engineer. I should say my wife is
a pleasant-looking woman with light hair and soft dark-brown eyes. She is
kind and gentle, but she manages our house very well. Our son Alec, is a
schoolboy, and our daughter is only four and she goes to the kindergarten.
She is a lovely girl. She looks like her mother. And as for my son he is like
his grandfather. They are very much alike. My son and daughter are nice
children. Alec is strong both in body and character. He is a clever, hard
working pupil, a first-class footballer, boxer and runner. As for our daugh
ter, she isn't fond of studies of any kind, but she loves music and dancing
and she sings very prettily. She took part in the competition "Alisa" and got
many prizes. We were very proud o f her.
Our hobby is our vegetable-garden. We enjoy working there. Besides
we like to read, watch TV and discuss the latest events. We have some fa
vourite programs. On Sundays in winter we go to the cinema and some
times to the theatre. But in summer we prefer to be somewhere in the coun
try. Most of all we like to go to our country house. It is not a big but very
cosy two-storeyed cottage. Our vegetable-garden isn’t large but it is well
looked after. Our grandparents often go with us and enjoy themselves there.
Even my great-grandmother enjoys being there. We are also fond of going
to the forest to pick mushrooms. It's a real pleasure to find a boletus (a
white mushroom)! As for my father-in-law he prefers fishing. And in my
opinion it's a dull business.
My wife and mother-in-law knit all their spare time. And in general
they are as busy as a bee. As to our children they go in for sports.
Oh, I'd like to say a few words about our pets. We've got a cat and a
dog. Their names are Jinni and Joy. They are very clever and we adore
them. Our Joy took part in the TV dog-show and was the winner. We were
very proud of him.
Besides we have many relatives in our town: uncles, aunts, nieces,
nephews, cousins. We like to visit them on week-ends.
All of us follow the proverb: "Early to bed and early to rise makes a
man healthy, wealthy and wise". But in spite of this we are not wealthy and
not very wise. Still we believe it will happen in the future. Why not?
We also have many friends. Mostly they are our schoolmates or in-
stitute-mates. We usually meet together on holidays or week-ends. And of
course I am sure they will help us in case o f any difficulties. Well, you
know "A friend in need is a friend indeed". And certainly they may rely
upon me and my wife. We'll do our best to help them. A man can't live
alone, can he? As for me I just can't imagine that. And what about you?
Text 2 THE HAPPIEST PERSON IN BRITAIN
The happiest person in Britain today is a professional married man
between the ages of 35 and 54. He lives in the south of England but not in
London. He owns a comfortable, detached house and has two children.
W hat does he do? He has a steady job in an office in London. After
a hard day at work, he relaxes in front of the television or watches a video.
He doesn't go out every evening, but two evenings a week he meets friends
for a drink in the local pub. He owns a pet, usually a dog, and takes it for a
walk every day after work. He spends on average J120 per week.
W here does he go? At the weekend, he regularly eats in restaurants,
goes to see shows, and plays a sport (usually golf). Most weekends he puts
on a pair of old blue jeans, and potters in the garden. He usually goes on
holiday abroad more than once a year.
W hat does his wife do? His wife is happy, too, but not quite as
happy. She runs the home and has a job, but she doesn't earn as much as
Grammar Exercises 1 Find predicates in the following sentences and translate them pay ing attention to the tense o f the verb. 1. They worked very well yesterday. 2. His works are wonderful.
3. She works at school. 4. Tomorrow they will work in the laboratory.
5. You must work hard to solve this problem. 6. Can you work together
with us? 7. There were some works of this author in the library. 8. He has
worked late today. 9. She is working now. 10. We've been working here
since Monday. 11. We'll be working at this time tomorrow.
2 State Junctions o f the verb "to be" and translate the sentences. 1 .1 am a worker at a big plant. 2. My aunt is working at the hospital.
3. You are to do your work well. 4. The book was translated into Russian.
5. She is reading a book and I am playing the piano.6. There is nobody
there. 7. They are to go abroad. 8. The work was finished and I was free. 9.
I am to do my lessons now. 10. She was having dinner when I came. 11.
She will be busy. 12. We were to do our best. 13. They were looking for a
child at that time. 14. He is proud of his success.
3 State functions o f the verb "to have" and translate the sentences. 1. I have an important article. 2. I have some new magazines. 3. I
have completed my work. 4. She has written the text. 5. Our Institute has
many faculties. 6. You have to go there immediately. 7. He had made his
work. 8. They have to come back soon. 9. We have passed the exam. 1 0 .1
have had breakfast already. 11. They had to do it. 12. You will have to do
your best. 13. We have to do our best. 14.1 have been proud of myself.
4 Choose the right form o f the verb "to be". 1 .1 (am, are) a first-year student now. 2. My friend (are, is) a stu
dent too. 3. We (are, am) at the Institute now. 4. My friend and I (is, are)
in the classroom. 5. He (are, is) at the blackboard. 6.1 (am, is) near him. 7.
Our teacher (are, is) at the table. 8. There (is, are) new English words on
the blackboard. 9. They (are, is) difficult. 10. My knowledge o f English
(are, is) poor. 11. But my friend (are, is) a good student. 12. His knowledge
(is, are) better than mine.
5 Choose the right word. 1. Our Institute (are, is) very large. 2. There (are, is) ten thousand
students in it. 3. There (are, is) a lot of class-rooms and laboratories in our
Institute. 4. There (are, is) a cloak-room on the ground-floor. 5. There (are,
is) a library on the first floor. 6. There (are, is) many magazines and news
papers in the reading hall. 7. (It, there) is autumn. 8. (They, there) are three
months in autumn. 9. (They, there) are September, October and November.
10. (It, there) is warm today. 11. (It, there) is no sun in the sky. 12. (They,
there) are few clouds in the sky. 13. (There, it) is a nice park near my
house. 14. (They, there) are many trees there. 15. (They, there) are green.
6 Choose English equivalents fo r the following Russian sentences. 1. На столе лежит какой-то журнал. a) The magazine is on the table.
b) There is no magazine on the table.
c) There is some magazine on the table.
2. Читальный зал на первом этаже. a) The reading room is on the ground floor.
b) There is a reading room on the ground floor.
c) The reading room is on the first floor.
3. У нас сегодня две лекции. a) There are two lectures in the time-table.
b) We have two lectures today.
c) These two lectures are to take place today.
4. В нашем городе один институт. a) There is an Institute in our town.
b) The Institute is in our town.
c) The Institute is in the centre of the town.
5. Она неправа. a) She is wrong.
b) She is right.
c) She is sorry.
6. Университет находится в центре города. a) There is a university in our town.
b) The university is in the centre of the town.
c) We have a university in the centre of our town.
7. В библиотеке есть несколько книг этого автора. a) We have some books in the library.
b) We have some books of this author.
c) We have some books of this author in the library.
8. В нашем университете есть хорошая библиотека. a) There is a good library in our university.
b) The good library is on the first floor.
c) Our university library is good.
9. На столе много книг. a) The books are on the table.
b) There are many books on the table.
c) There are many books in the table.
10. Есть хороший магазин за углом. a) There is a good shop round the corner.
b) The good shop is round the corner.
c) There is a good shop at the comer.
7 Put in "there's" or "it's": 1 .
a cat in the room.
4 .____ ice on the road.
difficult to understand you.
5 .____ nice to see you.
hot in the kitchen.
6 .____ time to be off.
noise in the street.
11.____ an accident in the street.
too early to say that.
12.____ little sugar in the tea.
9. __ a problem with my computer.
13.____ no time left.
14.____ my pet.
8 Choose English equivalents fo r the words in brackets. 1. There are (мало) foreign students in our Institute. 2. There are
(много) foreign magazines on the table. 3. There is (много) foreign litera
ture in our library. 4. Are there (несколько) students in the reading room?
5.1 have (немного) paper. 6. There are (мало) papers of this author in the
magazine. 7. There is (мало) bread on the table. 8. Give me (немного)
bread, please. 9.1 have (много) ink in my fountain-pen. 10. He has (много)
friends. 11. I have (несколько) friends here.
12. He had (какой-то) se
cret. 13. I have (мало) friends. 14. You have (немного) mistakes in the
9 Translate into English. 1. Автобусная станция за углом. 2. Есть автобусная остановка за
углом. 3. Стоянка автомобилей около нашего института. 4. Около на
шего института есть автомобильная стоянка. 5. Есть отличные парни в
нашей группе. 6. Мои однокурсники - отличные парни. 7. В этом кофе
слишком много сахара. 8. Чай не сладкий. В нем мало сахара. 9. Кафе
на улице Парковой. 10. Есть отличное кафе на Парковой. 11. Кошка в
твоей комнате. 12. Есть лев в нашем зоопарке. 13. Банк напротив кафе.
14. В Томске два подземных перехода. 15. Рынок недалеко от театра.
Oral Practice Remember the expressions: Arresting someone's
I s a y ...
Look here ...
I am all ears.
Excuse me ...
Yes. What can I do for you?
I (quite) agree with you.
Sorry, I don't agree with you.
You are (quite) right.
Sorry, I disagree with you.
I think so.
I am afraid you are wrong.
I believe so.
Sorry, I don't think so.
Just on the contrary.
Nothing of the kind.
I Address somebody with the following statements. Let him agree or disagree with you. 1. Your family is very large. 2. We live in Siberia. 3. Your father is
very old. 4. You like to watch TV. 5. In summer you are fond of working in
the vegetable-garden. 6. Your wife is a doctor. 7. You have a beautiful
summer-cottage with a swimming pool. 8. Your mother-in-law prefers fish
ing. 9. It's very good to have many friends. 10. They will be happy. 11. You
like your job. 12. You are tired. 13. You hate detective stories. 14. Japa
nese live in Belgium. 15. You can speak Turkish. 16. You never apologize.
17. Your mother manages your house very well. 18. You don't like dogs, do
you? 19. You have got some pets at home. 20. You are proud of your coun
____________ Remember the following expressions:_______________ Will you answer my question, please?.. - Certainly. With pleasure.
__________ May I ask you a question? - Certainly, you may.__________
2 Ask each other the following questions and answer them: 1.
What is your full name? 2. How old are you? 3. Where do you
live? 4. Is your family large? 5. How many of you are there in your family?
6. Have you got parents? 7. How old are your parents? 8. Have you got sis
ters or brothers? How old are they? 9. Have you got grandparents?
10. Where do your grandparents live? 11. Do your parents work? 12. What
is your mother's (father's) profession? 13. What's your father's
(mother's) full name? 14. Are you married? 15. What's your wife's (hus
band’s) name? 16. Is he (she) older or younger than you? 17. Have you got
many relatives? 18. Do you often visit your relatives? 19. Have you rela
tives-in-law? 20. Are you proud o f your family? 21. Have you got a hobby?
What is it? 22. What are you busy with in the evenings? 23. Have you
many friends? Who are they? 24. Where are you from? 25. Where were
you born? 26. What is your native language? 27. Can you speak English?
28. Who speaks English in your family? 29. Do you have relatives abroad?
30. Do you often call your relatives? 31. Do you often go abroad? 32.
Have you got any problems? 33. Would you like to change anything in
3 Match the answers to the following questions: 1) What is your name?
a) I'm an engineer.
2) How old are you?
b) She's an accountant.
3) What do you do?
c) No, he is not.
4) What's your mother's job?
d) My name is Bill.
5) Is your father a businessman?
e) I'm twelve.
6) Are you proud of him?
f) Yes, I am.
7) Do you speak English?
g) Yes, I do.
8) Did you do your best?
9) Did you enjoy yourself?
10) Do you study?
h) Yes, I do a little.
i) Yes, I did.
j) No, I didn't.
4 Answer the following questions and fin d out how much you know. 1. Which is taller, a giraffe or an elephant? 2. Is Mexico closer to
equator than Colombia? 3. Which has more sides, a pentagon or a hexa
gon? 4. Which weighs the most: the brain, the heart, or the liver? 5. Is the
population o f Pakistan bigger than the population of Japan? 6. Which is the
world busiest port: Singapore, New York, or Rotterdam? 7. Is the Renais
sance or the Middle Ages older? 8. Which has the most calories: a glass of
wine, a Coke, or a glass o f beer? 9. Does a banana have fewer calories than
an orange? 10. Which contains more caffeine, coffee or tea? 11. Does an
egg have more calories than a tablespoon of sugar? 12. Which weighs
more, gold or silver? 13. Is Venus closer to the Earth than Mars? 14. Which
is bigger, the Earth or the Moon? 15. Is London an older capital city than
5 Enjoy yourself. 1. The more we study, the more we know. The more we know, the
more we forget. The more we forget, the less we know. The less we know
the less we forget. The less we forget, the more we know. So why study?
2. - Which do you think the best month to get married in?
- But there's no such month.
3. Husband: No dinner ready! I'm going to a restaurant.
Wife: Couldn't you wait a few minutes?
Husband: Will it be ready then?
Wife: No, it won't. But I'll be ready myself to go with you.
4. Tom: Have you noticed how many girls don’t want to get married
Sam: No, how do you know?
Tom: I ’ve asked all of them!
5. He (after a quarrel): I was a fool when I married you!
She: Yes, but I thought you would improve!
6. - Why is Miss Tones wearing black?
- She is mourning for her husband.
- Why, she never had a husband.
- No, that is why she mourns.
7. - Hello, who is speaking?
- This is Watt.
- I’m sorry. What's your name?
- Yes. Watt's my name.
- Is this a joke? What is your name?
- John Watt.
- John what?
- Yes. Look, who's this? Are you Jones?
- No, I'm Knott.
- Are you going to tell me your name?
- I'm Knott.
- Why not?
- My name is Knott.
- Not what?
8. Bill: Well, what did she say when you proposed to her?
Jim: I didn’t propose. Before I got a chance she told me that she
loved Emerson, Longfellow and Poe. And what chance did I have with a
girl who is in love with three other fellows?
LESSON 3 Правила чтения Четыре типа чтения английских гласных в ударных слогах Тип слога
+ r + глас.
 [« 0
[ e ] a, day, place
he, sea, Pete
И [e:] M
M [e :]
Exercises to be done before the text 1 Read the following words and remember them. Effect, laboratories, radiation, organisms, biology, while, decide, ap
ply, accept, same, husband, college, native, offer, department, person, hard,
admit, envy, far, obtain, exam, side, happy, spend, concerts, records, col
lection, music, complete, mural, care, fare, here, sire, wire, cure, pure, born,
2 Say as quickly as you can: My parents repeat like parrots: "You must respect your parents."
Which I do (don't).
3. Remember the proverbs. 1. To be bom with a silver spoon in one's mouth.
2. Don't trouble trouble till trouble troubles you.
3. Eat at pleasure, drink with measure.
4. All is well that ends well.
4 Read word combinations which can be predicates. Am doing, living organisms, got interested, leaving, decided, was
accepted, was offered, to move, hard-working, must admit, is doing, has
obtained, am talking, can go, going, is listening, is planning, training, to
settle, needs, are, are cooked.
5 Point out the sentence where the word "working" is an attribute. 1. What are you working at now? 2. He was working at the problem
at that time. 3. Can you describe your working day? 4. She is working at
the lab now.
6 Give four forms o f the following verbs. To be, to do, to study, to get, to leave, to decide, to apply, to accept,
to offer, to move, to join, to work, to know, to obtain, to take, to have, to
go, to spend, to find, to read, to listen.
7 Translate the following sentences paying attention to the verbs with and without postpositions. 1.
She is out. 2. Is the radio on? 3. Can you get an English book
for me? 4. When did you get home? 5. When do you get up? 6. Are you
getting off at the next stop? 7. We got on bus №10. 8. The lift stopped and
we got out. 9. How did you get in? 10. At first Newton did not get on well
at school. 11. The boys are making a plane. 12. I've made up my mind to
go there. 13. Shake hands and make it up. 14. He made me go there.
15. Who will carry that bag? 16. The experiment is being carried on in
our lab. 17.1 am sure he will carry out his promise.
Text 1 A QUIET LIFE John Smith is a typical resident of Siberia Avenue, Surbiton. He
looks gloomy, but in fact he is quite happy, and he leads a quiet life in this
suburb of London. He is, of course, a clever man, but a little unpractical. So
he needs Mrs. Smith to look after him. And Mrs. Smith on the other hand,
is very practical and full of common sense. His wife's name is Gertie. She
is a nice looking woman of about forty. She has long brown hair and won
derful blue eyes. Though she is not already young her figure is slim and
slender. And she loves her husband very much. Gertie looks after him care
fully; she cleans the house regularly and feeds him daily on well cooked
meat and tinned vegetables. There is always a supply of fresh water for his
whisky, and a plenty o f carpet space for putting practice, so he is very
comfortable and content with his suburban life. He is proud o f his wife and
his house. John and Gertie enjoy being together. They like to discuss home
and foreign policy.
John is very fond of his old dog, Sam. They go for walks together.
Today he is taking Sam to the local vet, because he is afraid that Sam is go
ing blind. However, the vet is confident of curing him by means of a small
operation. He is giving Sam an injection before operating on him, so that he
will sleep peacefully the whole time and not feel any pain. There is even a
pretty nurse standing by to comfort Sam in case he feels unhappy and
lonely in the strange surroundings. In general, both John and Sam think that
they don't have a bad life, and they have no desire to change it for anything
I guess, we can say that he was born with a silver spoon in his
As for Gertie, she knows very well that "men make houses but
women make homes". So she does her best their home to be a nice place.
Very often she invites their friends to discuss their favourite topic of con
versation. Guess, what.
Text 2 WHO WANTS TO BE A MILLIONARE? I DON'T Sixteen years ago, Charles was a college professor with a huge six-
bedroom house and a fortune of $2 million. Today he lives in a small cara
van where there is only second-hand furniture. There are certainly no signs
that Charles was a rich man! There is a small garden outside with a few
fruit trees. Charles grows some vegetables and a few flowers. He gets his
clothes and a lot of other things from charity shops.
But this change is not a tragedy. Charles was happy to give up the
lifestyle of a rich man. He was tired of being a person who had everything
in a world where many people have nothing. He made the choice to give all
his money away. And this, he says, has brought him happiness.
"A few years ago," says Charles, ”1 was a millionaire, but I knew
there were a lot of hungry people in the world." So he gave away all his
money to charities. When he had two thousand dollars left, he gave away
small bank notes in the streets of local poor areas. Did he feel like Father
Christmas? "It was a lot of fun," says Charles.
Charles believes that many people want to earn a lot of money so
that they will not have any worries. However, most people never make
much money. Charles Gray decided to drop out and he discovered that hav
ing only a little money makes you free. Are there any things he misses?
"No, I'm much happier now. I wouldn't go back to being rich for anything -
Now listen to the song “Who wants to be a millionaire?”
Who wants to be a millionaire?
Have flashy flunkies everywhere.
Who wants the bother of a country estate?
A country estate is something I’d hate.
Who wants to wallow in champagne?
Who wants a supersonic plane?
Who wants a private landing field, too?
And I don’t ‘cos all I want is you.
Who wants to be a millionaire?
Who wants uranium to spare?
Who wants to journey on a gigantic yacht?
Do I want a yacht? Oh, how I do not!
Who wants a fancy foreign car?
Who wants to tire of caviar?
Who wants a marble swimming pool, too?
And I don’t ‘cos all I want is you.
Grammar exercises 1 Point out sentences where the verb "to be". a) should be translated, b) should not be translated:
1. He is in the reading room. 2. He is reading a book now. 3. These
books are read by everybody now. 4.1 am training from 4 to 6. 5. My train
ing was successful yesterday. 6. She is trained by her mother. 7. You are
going to the theatre, aren't you? 8. They were going to the concert when I
met them. 9. My going there is necessary. 10. She was to do it with care.
11. You are to go there tomorrow. 12. She is to finish her work.
2 Explain, why in the following sentences you must use. a) Simple tenses:
м н о г о
занимается спортом. 2. Летом мы посетили Лондон.
3. Он будет поступать в институг. 4. Осенью часто идет дождь.
b) Progressive tenses:
1. Ты все еще работаешь? 2. Телефон звонит, подойдите кто-
нибудь! 3. В 10 часов утра И. читал лекцию. 4. Завтра в это время мы
будем сдавать экзамен. 5. Когда я его встретил, был сильный дождь.
3 Choose the right tense. 1. When I came to the party, they (drank/were drinking) champagne.
2. While I (shopped/was shopping) yesterday I (lost/was losing) my money.
3. When I (was going/went) to the institute I (met/was meeting) the former
girl-friend. 4. When she (came/was coming) in they (watched/were watch
ing) TV and (didn't see/were not seeing) her. 5 .1 (was listening/listened) to
the news when the telephone (rang/was ringing) 6. It (was raining/rained)
heavily when I (left/was leaving) my friend's house. 7 .1 (was running/ran)
after my dog when I (fell/was falling) into a pool. 8. Your parents (wait/are
waiting) for you in the hall. 9. While we (were flying/flew) over Moscow I
(saw/was seeing) Kremlin's red stars. 10. He always (is doing/does) his best
to finish work in time.
4 Use the verbs in brackets in the Progressive tenses. 1. Yesterday at this time I (to listen) to the famous professor. 2. Now
he (to hurry) home, I think. 3. Tomorrow from 5 p.m. till 6 p.m. they (to
take) the exam in chemistry. 4. They (to write) a test now. 5. When I left
the Institute it (to rain) hard. 6. The laboratory (to work) from 9 a.m. till 1
p.m. tomorrow. 7. The telephone rang when I (to do) my homework. 8.
Victor (to do) his researches now. 9.1 (to plan) to leave our town. 10. She
(to train) when we entered the hall. 11. Wien I came in they (to dance).
12.1 (to meet) my friend here. 13. Why you (to laugh)?
5 Choose English equivalents fo r Russian sentences. 1. О чем они говорят? a) Are they speaking about it?
b) What are they speaking about?
c) Do they always speak about it?
2. Рассветает, a) It gets light in the morning.
b) Day is breaking.
c) It is light.
3. Куда ты бежишь? a) Where do you run every day?
b) Where are you running?
c) Are you running home?
4. Идёт дождь? a) Does it rain?
b) Is it going to rain?
c) Is it raining?
5. Куда ты бегаешь каждый день? a) Where do you go every day?
b) Where are you running?
c) Where do you run every day?
6. Он сдает экзамен по химии.
a) Не takes examinations in chemistry.
b) He is going to take exams in chemistry.
c) He is taking the exam in chemistry.
7. Они обсуждают эту статью, a) They discussed this article.
b) They are discussing this article.
c) They are going to discuss this ar
8. Мы переводили текст с 5 до 7.
a) We were translating the text from 5 till 7.
b) We were to translate the text from 5 to 7.
c) We were going to translate the text from 5 to 7.
9. Ученые проводили этот эксперимент в течение года.
a) The scientists were going to experiment in a year.
b) The scientists were experimenting for a year.
c) The scientists do many experiments.
6 Put the verbs into the correct form. 1. Mr. Clinton (to read) newspapers in the morning. 2. He (to read) a
newspaper, don't come in. 3. Now they (to watch) a very funny comedy.
4. They (to watch) news at 11 o'clock. 5. It (to rain) hard. Take an um
brella. 6. It rarely (to rain) at this time of the year. 7. It (to snow) hard when
I met him. 8. It never (to snow) in Africa. 9. The dog (to sleep) on my bed
when I entered the room. 10. My dog (to sleep) in my room last year.
7. Rearrange these series o f words to form sentences. 1.
It, November, in, often, rains. 2. Waiting, for, still, answer, an, I,
am, questions, my, to. 3. Dogs, ever, do, fruit, for, breakfast, eat?
4. Mother, often, to, theatre, not, the, go, my, does. 5. Only, few, have, we,
a, got, bottles, in, house, the, lemonade, of. 6. Already, he, drunk, has, a,
whisky, of, bottle. 7. At, the, rarely, weather, is, this, time, cold, year, the,
of. 8. School, the, generally, do, at, their, children, homework. 9. Old, can,
what, says, I, understand, that, man, hardly.
8 Answer the questions. 1. Does Sheila play the piano? (very well) Sheila plays the piano
2. Did she sing that song? (beautifully)
3. Do you like music? (very much)
4. Does Mary speak Spanish? (fluently)
5. Can the boys do the exercises? (easily)
6. Have they done their work? (well)
7. Did they finish the job? (quickly)
8. Do you enjoy your lessons? (very much)
9. Do you like to go to the theatre? (greatly)
10. Will you do it for me? (with pleasure)
11. Is John fond of his old dog? (very)
12. Is John comfortable and content with his suburban life? (very)
Oral Practice Remember these expressions Meeting a person: How do you do?
How are you?
How are you getting on?
How is your (wife, etc.)?
What's the matter?
(I am) glad to see you again.
How are things (with...)?
Replies: Fine, thank you.
I'm all right (well), thank you.
I’m not (quite) well, thank you.
I’m afraid, I'm bad.
I'm glad to meet you.
Glad to meet you too.
It's good to see you.
Nice to see you.